Above Photo: Lest We Forget In Memory Of Our War Dead.
Continuing from my post on December 23, 2015 entitled “A Beautiful Place To Visit Or Make it Your Home In Hope British Columbia” and the posting of a number of wooden sculptures pictures, I wanted to add the rest of the photos I have of the wooden sculptures.
So what I have done is to place information about the Hope Slide with some of the sights I saw and filmed around Hope in early November 2015.
Photo Left: 2012 World Class Chainsaw Carving Competition. www.HopeBC.ca
For all the information on Hope British Columbia, please contact their Visitor Centre.
Hope British Columbia Visitor Centre.
The below text comes from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
The Hope Slide was the largest landslide ever recorded in Canada. It occurred in the morning hours of January 9, 1965 in the Nicolum Valley in the Cascade Mountains near Hope, British Columbia, and killed four people.
The volume of rock involved in the landslide has been estimated at 47 million cubic metres.
Prior to the landslide, a small avalanche had forced four people to stop their vehicles a few miles southeast of the town of Hope, British Columbia—150 kilometres (93 mi) east of Vancouver—on a stretch of the Hope-Princeton Highway below Johnson Peak. As those people contemplated waiting for clearing crews or turning around, a second slide occurred.
Two earthquakes were said to have been recorded in the general area of the slide. One quake occurred at 3:56 am and the second at 6:58 am.
The slide that obliterated the mountain's southwestern slope was discovered when members of the RCMP detachment at Hope B.C. were dispatched to what were first reported as a couple of small rock slides.
The first news reports of the slide were from CHWK Radio in Chilliwack where morning news reporter Gerry Pash and later news director Edgar Wilson filed voice reports with Broadcast News and Canadian Press.
The slide buried a Chevrolet sedan with two occupants, another car and driver, and a tanker truck and its driver under a torrent of 47 million cubic meters of pulverized rock, mud, and debris 85 metres (279 feet) deep and 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) wide, which came down the 2,000-metre (6,600 feet) mountainside.
This mass of debris completely displaced the water and mud in Outram Lake below with incredible force, throwing it against the opposite side of the valley, wiping all vegetation and trees down to the bare rock, then splashed back up the original (now bare) slope before settling.
Recent research shows that these impacts against the opposite valley sides produced the seismic signatures interpreted as earthquakes.
Rescue crews only found two of the four bodies—the others have remained entombed under the rock since 1965.
A Greyhound bus traveling to Hope was stopped just before the slide.
The driver turned back and was credited with saving his passengers from a tragedy.
British Columbia Highways Minister Phil Gaglardi personally attended at the scene and directed the construction of a temporary "shoofly" road over the southern portion of the slide.
The landslide was caused by the presence of pre-existing tectonic structures (faults and shear zones) within the southwestern slope of Johnson Ridge.
The lower parts of the slide scar are underlain by felsite sheets (which may have failed first) while the upper parts of the slide scar are underlain by highly jointed Paleozoic greenstone beds.
Ongoing weathering and tectonic activity weakened the slide mass to the point where it had reached limiting equilibrium. Johnson Peak was the site of a previous smaller prehistoric rock-slide.
craving competition 2009.
Just what triggered the 1965 landslide remains unclear; the two so-called earthquakes were likely too small to trigger the slide and thus the seismic events were more likely caused by the impact of the landslide masses on the opposite valley wall.
Changes in groundwater condition, often a trigger for landslides, is not thought to have played a role in the Hope Slide as the slide occurred during a protracted period of sub-zero temperatures in the winter, though some have suggested that freezing of seepage exit points may have caused an increase in water pressure at the toe of the slide.
The highway has since been rerouted around and over the base of the slide's debris field 55 metres above the original ground level on the other side of valley.
Most of the massive scar on the mountain face remains bare rock, without significant growth of trees or other large vegetation. It is quite easily visible from jet aircraft passing overhead.
A view point on Highway 3 allows tourists to view the scar.
A four kilometre stretch of the prior routing lays disused to the north of the new highway alignment.
Above Photo: A mural painting found in Hope, British Columbia.
Hope B.C.'s Kawkawa Lake Park Large 3 Pound Kokanee (Great Fishing)
Kawkawa Lake is a lake located 2.5 km (1.6 mi) east of Hope, British Columbia. Kawkawa is also the name for the neighbourhood in Hope surrounding Kawkawa Lake.
The lake is home to many species of fish, but it is best known for its large kokanee (land-locked salmon), which can reach up to 3+ lbs in weight.
Kawkawa Lake Park is situated on the lake and has amenities such as: toilets, swimming beach, grassy play area, park benches with picnic tables and a small dock that has a concrete boat launch.
There is also a privately operated resort and campground on the lake's shore, where boats are also welcome.
Water sports around the lake include: skiing, wake boarding, tubing, jet skiing, as well as dune buggy rentals.
Another activity for visitors is hiking through the nearby Othello Tunnels, located only 15 minutes from the town of Hope.
The Kawkawa Lake Indian Reserve No. 16 is located on the southeastern shore of the lake, and is one of the reserves under the administration of the Hope-area Union Bar First Nation.
Coquihalla Canyon Provincial Park:
Coquihalla Canyon Provincial Park, popularly called The Othello Tunnels is a provincial park located near Hope, British Columbia focused on the canyon of the Coquihalla River and a decommissioned railway grade, now a walking trail, leading eventually to Coquihalla Pass.
Originally part of the Kettle Valley Railway, five tunnels and a series of bridges follow a relatively straight line through the gorge, which is lined with sheer, flat rock cliffs.
Photo Right: Hope British Columbia: Climbing Bear Cubs Carving.
The park's rock cliffs and relative close distance to Vancouver has resulted in many popular movies being filmed there.
Rambo: First Blood, Shoot to Kill, The Adventures of Yellow Dog and Cabin in the Woods were all filmed in Coquihalla Canyon.
The location is easily recognizable when watching Rambo: First Blood where Sylvester Stallone hangs off the cliff while a helicopter tries to snipe him down.
As of May 2015, the tunnels have reopened after having been closed for over a year due to rockfall concerns.
Hike Hope Mountain, Hope, B.C.
Hope Mountain, commonly called Mount Hope, is a prominent mountain overlooking the town of Hope, British Columbia, Canada from the south.
It is the northernmost summit of the Skagit Range of the Cascade Mountains and stands above the confluence of the Coquihalla and Fraser Rivers. Hope Mountain dominates the view of southbound travellers in the lower Fraser Canyon between Yale and Hope.
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